Hemorrhoids

hemorrhoidWhat are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen, but normally present blood vessels, inside (internal) or around and outside (external) the anus and lower rectum that stretch under pressure. Hemorrhoids are usually not very painful or critical, but can be bothersome and develop at any age. About half of the population has hemorrhoids by age 50. Hemorrhoids usually are not dangerous or life threatening. In most cases symptoms will go away within a few days. A thorough workup by the doctor is important any time bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool lasts more than a few days.

What causes Hemorrhoids?

A common cause is simply the standing position, in which all the blood above the rectum puts pressure onto the rectal and anal areas. Another common cause is straining to have a bowel movement. Other conditions which contribute are: poor bowel habits, constipation, diarrhea, obesity, and pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

Although many people have hemorrhoids, not all experience symptoms. They may remain inside the rectum and cannot be felt or seen. The most common symptom is bright red blood covering your stool, on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Much straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus may cause irritation with bleeding, pain, and/or itching. Some may feel a painful lump or swelling outside the anus meaning a blood clot has formed in the blood vessel (a thrombosed external hemorrhoid).

How do you treat hemorrhoids?

To reduce the pain and itching you feel try several of these ideas:

Can I prevent hemorrhoids?

The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft so they pass easily without straining or pressure. Try some of the ideas from treatment above.

Please feel free to call us at (315) 452-3235 with any questions or concerns.

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